The Dassault Falcon 20 is a twin turbofan mid-size corporate jet and utility transport filling multiple roles in the civilian and military communities. The Falcon and its family remain the company’s most successful business jet programs.
The jet was first conceived by Dassault in 1961 and after numerous developmental changes, was ultimately launched in 1965 as the Mystère 20.
Any aircraft destined for American, Canadian, or Australian delivery were outfitted at the PanAmerican facility in California. Within a year, in a purely marketing decision, all American-delivered aircraft were redesignated as the Fan Jet Falcon, and later the Falcon 20.
Over its twenty year production lifetime, Dassault developed over twenty different variants of the aircraft with upgrades or specialized modifications to meet specific needs of clients. Most of these variants featured more powerful and efficient engines and more advanced avionics. Since the aircraft is also employed for military and search and rescue missions, a number of variants incorporated additional specialized onboard systems for mission-specific needs.
In fact, in 1973, a Falcon-20 outfitted for Federal Express’s very specialized needs became the first to carry a Federal Express air package. As such it became the first commercial jet to be placed in the Air Transportation gallery at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington DC.
The aircraft ended production in 1988 with the Falcon 20H or Falcon 200. However, it remains a very popular and reliable aircraft, still in demand by the civilian and the military communities worldwide. Indeed, according to Wikipedia, in 2012, a Falcon 20 became the first civil jet to fly on 100% biofuel when it performed a test flight for Canada’s National Research Council.
Technical specifications are as follows:
The Falcon 20 is equipped with two General Electric CF7002D2 turbofan engines rated at 4,500lb thrust each.
Performance specifications are as follows:
The Falcon 20 has a maximum cruising speed of 536mph (863km/h) with an economical cruising speed of 466mph (750km/h). The range when carrying two crew and four passengers is 2048mi (3300km).
Dimension specifications are as follows:
The overall length of the Falcon 20 is 53 ft 3 in (17.15 m) and height is 17 ft 6 in (5.32 m). The aircraft have a wingspan 53 ft 7 in (16.32 m) and wing area of 441 ft2 (41 m2). The baggage compartments can hold 41 cubic feet.
Weight specifications are as follows:
The Falcon 20 empty but fully equipped has an operating weight of 16,600lb (7,530kg) and maximum takeoff weight of 28,660lb (13,000kg). The useful load is 10,650 lb (4,830 kg) with a maximum payload of 4,600lb (2,086kg). With full fuel load, the payload limit is reduced to 3,000lb (1,360kg).
Interior specifications are as follows:
The cabin of the Falcon 20 is 24ft in length, 5.7ft in height and 6.1ft in width. The Falcon 20 has a flight crew of two and typical cabin layout seats eight to ten passengers although up to fourteen may be accommodated with high density seating. The space for corporate seating is usually configured in a double club fashion or a single club with a 2-or 3-seat divan plus one or two additional seats.
Interior accommodations on the Falcon 20 include a full-width private lavatory, executive style extra-wide seating, ample electrical outlets, fold-out tables, and a well-appointed galley. Most cabins also feature a variety of entertainment systems and custom cabinetry.
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