The Bombardier Challenger 601 is the second in the Challenger 600 Series of large business jets produced by Bombardier Aerospace. The first in the series, the Challenger 600, was developed from a design originally conceived by Learjet developers and later purchased by Canadair in 1976. The Challenger 600 remained in production through 1983 when it was formally replaced by the Challenger 601. The 601 further addressed the Challenger 600’s weight problems, replaced the ALF-502 turbofans with more powerful and efficient General Electric CF-34 turbofans, added winglets, and updated the cockpit resulting in a very successful full size corporate jet.
The Challenger 601 was launched in 1982 and over its production lifetime there were a number of variants introduced which extended range and increased operational weights. These refinements make the aircraft capable of transoceanic range while preserving the spacious cabin for which the 600 was renown. The incremental changes eventually led to the design and certification of the Challenger 604 in 1995.
The cabin of the Challenger 601 and its variants was designed with the primary goal of passenger comfort. For a private jet, the cabin is unusually large and although it is typically configured for eight to twelve passengers, it can comfortably accommodate up to nineteen. The 601 is a true transcontinental aircraft with the capability to carry five passengers up to 3800 miles non-stop. The 601-1A variant has another 200 miles greater range over the 601. Passengers enjoy all the accommodations and amenities appropriate for the long flight times of this class of aircraft. The cabin is uncharacteristically quiet and can maintain sea-level pressure even at an elevation of 23,000 ft.
The cockpit features state of the art flight guidance, EFIS, digital weather radar, and communications systems. Many cockpits have undergone upgrades and the 601-3A features an all glass cockpit. All-glass cockit refers to electronic instrument displays, typically on large LCD screens. A traditional cockpit relies on many mechanical gauges to display information, a glass cockpit uses multiple displays controlled by flight management systems to display flight information as needed. The clear benefits are simplified flight operation, reduced pilot fatigue, and greater situational awareness.
Technical specifications are as follows:
The 601 has two General Electric CF-34-3A turbofans rated at 9140lb thrust each.
Performance specifications are as follows:
The 601A has a maximum cruising speed 529mph (851km/h) typical cruising speed 508mph (819km/h) and a long range cruising speed of 487mph (786km/h) The range with five passengers, maximum fuel and reserves 3857mi (6208km). The 601-3A range with five passengers, maximum fuel and reserves is 4691mi (7550km).
Dimension specifications are as follows:
The 601 overall length is 68ft 5in (20.85 m) and height is 20ft 8in (6.3 m). The aircraft has a wingspan of 64ft 4in (19.61m). The baggage compartment can hold 115 cubic feet.
Weight specifications are as follows:
The 601 has a maximum takeoff weight of 43,100 lb (19,549 kg) with a maximum payload of 5,000lb (2,267 kg). With full fuel, the payload is reduced to 828 lb (375 kg)
Internal specifications are as follows:
The Challenger 601 cabin length is 28ft 3in, width is 8ft 2in, and height is 6ft 1in. The corporate cabin typically seats nine to twelve passengers with a crew of two. A variety of floorplans have been incorporated on the 601 but most common configurations include two four-place club plus additional side facing seat, or two four-place club plus a three-place divan or a single four-place club, plus two facing seats across from a three-place divan.
The Challenger 601 features a full width lavatory, full galley, and multiple AC outlets throughout the cabin, galley and lavatory. Cabin furniture features executive leather upholstery, fine quality fabrics and wood trim. A complete entertainment center includes LCD monitors, Airshow, VHS, DVD, and XM Radio ability and connections for laptops and other personal devices.
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