The Bombardier Challenger 600 is the first in the 600 series of large business jets produced by Bombardier Aerospace. The earliest version of what would eventually become the Challenger 600 was the LearStar 600, a business jet designed and developed by Learjet in 1974. In 1976 Canadair purchased the development, production, and marketing rights to the aircraft and Canadair launched the project as the CL-600 Challenger.
The initial design promised long range and economy and it was one of the first aircraft to feature a supercritical wing. Canadair initially incorporated a few changes to the design however the developers had to overcome numerous weight and drag issues in the new design of the large jet. When the jet was certificated in 1980 the final model had significant weight reduction and greatly improved range over earlier test models.
Pilots and operators love to fly the Challenger 600 as it offers the capabilities of an airline jet without the high cost. The aircraft has four backup power systems with more voltage and power than is usually experienced in private jets. The cockpit features a Sperry analog flight guidance system, Primus 400 weather radar, dual-channel autopilot, a GNS-500 VLF/Omega navigation system, and several other situational awareness systems.
The Challenger 600 has a spacious and comfortable cabin that is especially quiet with very low vibration levels. It can accommodate as many as nineteen passengers but is typically configured to seat nine to twelve with a variety of cabin furniture arrangements. Passengers enjoy a true transcontinental range of an airliner with a respectable field performance and all the luxurious amenities expected in a sophisticated business charter jet. The 600 can take off in 5,700 feet at sea level, or in 7,350 feet at 5,000 feet. It can cross the United States nonstop in most conditions except against the strongest of headwinds. It can cruise at over 550 mph at altitude of 39,000 feet (far above most air traffic), or at 43,000 for economical long-range trips. Overall, it is a private jet that offers as many options as you can find flying commercial.
Production of the Challenger 600 continued until 1983 at which time it was replaced with the Challenger 601. The Challenger 601 features more powerful engines, and other modifications to the Challenger 600 design which further improved the range and performance of the 600 series of aircraft.
Technical specifications are as follows:
The 600 has two Avco Lycoming ALF 502L turbofans rated at 7500 lb thrust each.
Performance specifications are as follows:
The 600 has a maximum cruise speed of 552 mph (890 km/h) and an economical cruising speed of 492 mph (800km/h). The range with four passengers and fuel reserves is 3,459mi (5,566km).
Dimension specifications are as follows:
The 600 overall length is 68ft 5in (20.85 m) and height is 20ft 8in (6.3 m). The aircraft has a wingspan of 61ft 10in (18.85m). The baggage compartment can hold 115 cubic feet.
Weight specifications are as follows:
The 600 has a maximum takeoff weight of 40,125 lb (18,201 kg) with a maximum payload of 6,850 lb (3,107 kg). With full fuel, the payload is reduced to 2,610 lb (1,183 kg)
Internal specifications are as follows:
The 600 cabin length is 28ft 3in, width is 8ft 2in, and height is 6ft 1in. The corporate cabin typically seats nine to twelve passengers with a crew of two. A variety of floorplans have been incorporated on the 600 but most common configurations include two four-place club plus additional side facing seat, or two four-place club plus a three-place divan or a single four-place club, plus two facing seats across from a three-place divan.
The 600 features a full width lavatory, full galley, executive leather upholstery, fine quality fabrics and wood trim. Entertainment amenities include LCD monitors, VHS, DVD, and XM Radio ability.
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